css遮罩 mask属性

先上一张咱们的原始图 rs7.jpg 如下: 一、mask-image属性   1.基本的png图遮罩展示   我们使用的遮罩图片 ad.png,如下:       html:    <...

先上一张咱们的原始图 rs7.jpg 如下:

一、mask-image属性

  1.基本的png图遮罩展示

  我们使用的遮罩图片 ad.png,如下:

  

   html:

  

<img src="rs7.jpg" alt="" class="mask-img">

  css:

  

        .mask-img {
            width: 300px;
            height: auto;
            -webkit-mask-image: url(ad.png);
            mask-image: url(ad.png);
        }

  效果:

  

  2.svg图遮罩展示

  ad.svg:

  

<?xml version="1.0" standalone="no"?>
<!DOCTYPE svg PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD SVG 1.1//EN"
        "http://www.w3.org/Graphics/SVG/1.1/DTD/svg11.dtd">

<svg t="1585189183266" class="icon" viewBox="0 0 1024 1024" version="1.1" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" p-id="3921"
     width="64" height="64">
    <path d="M371.786073 447.619714c24.230867-32.225959 21.344121-76.838016-0.069585-103.877859C349.442182 371.876636 348.25617 417.232636 371.786073 447.619714z"
          p-id="3922"></path>
    <path d="M513.893628 447.468265c23.820522-30.03813 22.170952-76.762291-0.013303-103.544261C491.880265 371.777375 490.349399 416.620699 513.893628 447.468265z"
          p-id="3923"></path>
    <path d="M679.218978 672.898527c-7.786337-6.589069-17.012466-8.511861-26.863834-8.515954-11.9471-0.016373-20.928658 3.006474-28.070312 9.447163-10.051937 9.069563-10.083659 22.556739-0.067538 31.67235 13.382798 12.187577 41.808198 12.545734 55.42431 0.695848C690.636005 696.627974 690.435437 682.391738 679.218978 672.898527z"
          p-id="3924"></path>
    <path d="M352.557126 324.45458c-32.680307-24.735357-83.691097-24.074302-116.461455 10.790764-31.685653 33.712823-31.741935 87.071078-0.26606 120.467699 33.045627 35.060517 83.83436 35.831067 116.744911 11.002588-15.886829-20.968567-24.39255-44.474934-24.440645-70.971401C328.085782 369.121895 336.547501 345.501942 352.557126 324.45458z"
          p-id="3925"></path>
    <path d="M337.815377 670.621671c-4.332678 7.17133-8.744151 14.300704-13.301957 21.747303l52.274574 0c-8.820899-14.450107-17.552771-28.756951-26.275433-43.044352C346.267886 656.450926 342.082564 663.561881 337.815377 670.621671z"
          p-id="3926"></path>
    <path d="M390.920876 324.554864c16.065907 20.917402 24.443715 44.533262 24.447808 70.983681 0 26.5374-8.508791 50.220798-24.535813 71.221088 32.298614 24.38027 77.241198 21.134343 103.935164-0.181125-16.102746-20.875446-24.454972-44.602847-24.492834-70.951959-0.034792-26.438139 8.367575-50.237171 24.555256-71.124897C464.31342 301.040311 418.989141 302.254975 390.920876 324.554864z"
          p-id="3927"></path>
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          p-id="3928"></path>
    <path d="M675.403069 324.46379c15.933901 20.956288 24.393573 44.460608 24.418133 70.962192 0.027629 26.634614-8.511861 50.246381-24.452925 71.330582 33.870412 25.270547 84.612073 23.570835 117.009947-11.360745 31.328519-33.780361 30.968315-86.965677-0.51984-120.203686C758.682797 300.17664 707.650517 299.93821 675.403069 324.46379z"
          p-id="3929"></path>
    <path d="M533.160437 324.576353c16.160051 20.825304 24.518417 44.542472 24.518417 70.886467 0.004093 26.357298-8.311293 50.092885-24.575722 71.202669 29.825282 23.00597 74.615395 22.759353 103.589286 0.321318-32.42448-47.665603-32.567743-95.163383 0-142.81773C606.607216 301.023938 561.34229 302.268278 533.160437 324.576353z"
          p-id="3930"></path>
    <path d="M656.180262 447.433472c23.511483-29.342282 22.411429-76.301803-0.101307-103.706967C632.635009 374.572024 634.100384 419.089937 656.180262 447.433472z"
          p-id="3931"></path>
</svg>

  css:

  

        .mask-img {
            width: 300px;
            height: auto;
            -webkit-mask-image: url(ad.svg);
            mask-image: url(ad.svg);
        }

  效果:

  

  3.使用svg图形中的<mask>元素作为遮罩元素:

  现在我们来一个基本的圆形,如下:

  svg:

  

<svg>
    <defs>
        <mask id="mask" x="0" y="0" width="1" height="1" maskContentUnits="objectBoundingBox">
            <circle cx=".500" cy=".50" r=".30" fill="red"></circle>
        </mask>
    </defs>
    <rect x="0" y="0" width="100" height="100" style="mask:url(#mask)"></rect>
</svg>

  svg圆形效果:

  

   在上图中,mask元素中添加了一个圆,用作蒙版形状

  css:

  

        .mask-img {
            width: 300px;
            height: auto;
            /*-webkit-mask-image: url(ad.svg);*/
            /*mask-image: url(ad.svg);*/
            -webkit-mask-image: url(#mask);
            mask-image: url(#mask);
        }

  html:

  

<img src="rs7.jpg" alt="" class="mask-img">
<svg>

    <defs>
        <mask id="mask" x="0" y="0" width="1" height="1" maskContentUnits="objectBoundingBox">
            <circle cx=".500" cy=".50" r=".30" fill="#fff"></circle>
        </mask>
    </defs>

</svg>

  效果如下(火狐浏览器)

  

   左侧为填充白色的 fill=“#fff”,右侧为填充红色的,如果填充黑色 就完全透明了!

  中间的svg占用了位置,如果不希望这样的话  给svg增加个width:0;的属性,display:none;会使咱们的遮罩失效!

  

  上述说的是普通HTML元素内联的 svg mask ,兼容不太好 目前只有火狐浏览器支持;

  下面我们说说svg元素内联的mask;

  html:

  

<svg width="300">
    <image xlink:href="rs7.jpg" width="300" mask="url(#mask)"></image>
</svg>
<svg>

    <defs>
        <mask id="mask" x="0" y="0" width="1" height="1" maskContentUnits="objectBoundingBox">
            <circle cx=".500" cy=".50" r=".30" fill="green"></circle>
        </mask>
    </defs>

</svg>

  效果:

  

  这样谷歌浏览器也可以显示了,如上图。

  

 三、其他几个属性

mask-mode 属性 只有火狐有效果。

 

mask-repeat属性的默认值是repeat,行为类似于background-repeat属性。

mask-positionbackground-position支持的属性值和表现基本上都是一模一样的。

mask-clip属性性质上和background-clip类似

mask-origin属性性质上和background-origin类似

mask-size属性性质上和background-size类似


mask-type属性有两种模式 luminance、alpha

mask-composite表示当同时使用多个图片进行遮罩时候的混合方式

本文参考:CSS遮罩CSS3 mask/masks详细介绍

来几个css svg canvas 遮罩实例:https://speckyboy.com/css-svg-canvas-masks/

  

  

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