Clear all Filters/Sort/Pagination on a DataTable

问题: Seems like a simple task but I couldn't find an easy way to do it. The user tweaks a "State" (filters/sorts/pagination) of a DataTable, and I need to clear it and reset t...

问题:

Seems like a simple task but I couldn't find an easy way to do it.

The user tweaks a "State" (filters/sorts/pagination) of a DataTable, and I need to clear it and reset to the original blank slate, e.g. on a click of a custom button. That should erase all filters/sorts/pagination set by the user.

The only way I found is to destroy and then re-initalize. But I don't like this solution because it re-fetches data. My data's already available and I just need a quick reset of the user's state changes back to blank.

var activeRequestsTable = $('#activeRequestsTable').DataTable();
activeRequestsTable.state.clear();
activeRequestsTable.destroy();
    $('#activeRequestsTable').DataTable({
           "ajax": {
            url: myUrl,
            dataSrc: 'activeRequests',
            type: 'POST',
            //etc.
        }
    },
    "columns": [ .. ]
    });

Note that the below is a simple example without AJAX -- it just uses a static DOM for simplicity. But the button should still clear everything efficiently. I added it here in case you want something to play with. But it shouldn't be a re-creation of the DataTable (which in my case would be AJAX-based) because that's a performance penalty. I'm looking for something quick and client-side.

$('#example').DataTable();
.display {
   border: 1px solid black;
}
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.3.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.19/js/jquery.dataTables.min.js"></script>

<button id="clear">Clear all Filters/Sort/Pagination</button><br/><br/>

<table id="example" class="display" style="width:100%">
        <thead>
            <tr>
                <th>Name</th>
                <th>Position</th>
                <th>Office</th>
                <th>Age</th>
                <th>Start date</th>
                <th>Salary</th>
            </tr>
        </thead>
        <tbody>
            <tr>
                <td>Tiger Nixon</td>
                <td>System Architect</td>
                <td>Edinburgh</td>
                <td>61</td>
                <td>2011/04/25</td>
                <td>$320,800</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Garrett Winters</td>
                <td>Accountant</td>
                <td>Tokyo</td>
                <td>63</td>
                <td>2011/07/25</td>
                <td>$170,750</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Ashton Cox</td>
                <td>Junior Technical Author</td>
                <td>San Francisco</td>
                <td>66</td>
                <td>2009/01/12</td>
                <td>$86,000</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Cedric Kelly</td>
                <td>Senior Javascript Developer</td>
                <td>Edinburgh</td>
                <td>22</td>
                <td>2012/03/29</td>
                <td>$433,060</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Airi Satou</td>
                <td>Accountant</td>
                <td>Tokyo</td>
                <td>33</td>
                <td>2008/11/28</td>
                <td>$162,700</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Brielle Williamson</td>
                <td>Integration Specialist</td>
                <td>New York</td>
                <td>61</td>
                <td>2012/12/02</td>
                <td>$372,000</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Herrod Chandler</td>
                <td>Sales Assistant</td>
                <td>San Francisco</td>
                <td>59</td>
                <td>2012/08/06</td>
                <td>$137,500</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Rhona Davidson</td>
                <td>Integration Specialist</td>
                <td>Tokyo</td>
                <td>55</td>
                <td>2010/10/14</td>
                <td>$327,900</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Colleen Hurst</td>
                <td>Javascript Developer</td>
                <td>San Francisco</td>
                <td>39</td>
                <td>2009/09/15</td>
                <td>$205,500</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Sonya Frost</td>
                <td>Software Engineer</td>
                <td>Edinburgh</td>
                <td>23</td>
                <td>2008/12/13</td>
                <td>$103,600</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Jena Gaines</td>
                <td>Office Manager</td>
                <td>London</td>
                <td>30</td>
                <td>2008/12/19</td>
                <td>$90,560</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Quinn Flynn</td>
                <td>Support Lead</td>
                <td>Edinburgh</td>
                <td>22</td>
                <td>2013/03/03</td>
                <td>$342,000</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Charde Marshall</td>
                <td>Regional Director</td>
                <td>San Francisco</td>
                <td>36</td>
                <td>2008/10/16</td>
                <td>$470,600</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Haley Kennedy</td>
                <td>Senior Marketing Designer</td>
                <td>London</td>
                <td>43</td>
                <td>2012/12/18</td>
                <td>$313,500</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Tatyana Fitzpatrick</td>
                <td>Regional Director</td>
                <td>London</td>
                <td>19</td>
                <td>2010/03/17</td>
                <td>$385,750</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Michael Silva</td>
                <td>Marketing Designer</td>
                <td>London</td>
                <td>66</td>
                <td>2012/11/27</td>
                <td>$198,500</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Paul Byrd</td>
                <td>Chief Financial Officer (CFO)</td>
                <td>New York</td>
                <td>64</td>
                <td>2010/06/09</td>
                <td>$725,000</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Gloria Little</td>
                <td>Systems Administrator</td>
                <td>New York</td>
                <td>59</td>
                <td>2009/04/10</td>
                <td>$237,500</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Bradley Greer</td>
                <td>Software Engineer</td>
                <td>London</td>
                <td>41</td>
                <td>2012/10/13</td>
                <td>$132,000</td>
            </tr>
       </tbody>
 </table>


回答1:

I just got the response on the DataTables forum,

https://datatables.net/forums/discussion/53766/how-to-clear-all-filter-sorts-pagination-without-reinitializing-the-table-from-scratch#latest

No, no easy way to reset the state without destroying/re-initializing:

No, there's no, I'm afraid to say - the only guaranteed way is to destroy() and reinitialise, but that would refetch data as you said. You can clear searches and pagination easily with search() and page() respectively, but the ordering is a pickle as clearing it with order() can leave residue of previous searches...

Cheers,

So it looks like even though I could reset Filter & Pagination, the Sort is harder to reset.

Bottom line: the only way to reset the state is to destroy & re-initialize from scratch.

  • 发表于 2018-12-31 19:29
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