Bean后置处理器 - InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor#postProcessProperties

代码片段: org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory#populateBean boolean hasInstAwareBpps = hasInstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessors(); //深...

代码片段:

org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory#populateBean

boolean hasInstAwareBpps = hasInstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessors();
//深度引用检查, 引用再引用
boolean needsDepCheck = (mbd.getDependencyCheck() != AbstractBeanDefinition.DEPENDENCY_CHECK_NONE);

PropertyDescriptor[] filteredPds = null;
if (hasInstAwareBpps) {
    if (pvs == null) {
        pvs = mbd.getPropertyValues();
    }
    for (BeanPostProcessor bp : getBeanPostProcessors()) {
        if (bp instanceof InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) {
            InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor ibp = (InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) bp;
            //这里也是调用的实例化后的后置处理器, 只是调用的方法不一样
       //这里会进行 @Autowired 和 @Resource 的注入工作
PropertyValues pvsToUse = ibp.postProcessProperties(pvs, bw.getWrappedInstance(), beanName); if (pvsToUse == null) { if (filteredPds == null) { filteredPds = filterPropertyDescriptorsForDependencyCheck(bw, mbd.allowCaching); } pvsToUse = ibp.postProcessPropertyValues(pvs, filteredPds, bw.getWrappedInstance(), beanName); if (pvsToUse == null) { return; } } pvs = pvsToUse; } } }

同样的, 通过调试的方式, 来确定这里使用了那些后置处理器:

1.ConfigurationClassPostProcessor$ImportAwareBeanPostProcessor

2.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor

3.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor

ConfigurationClassPostProcessor$ImportAwareBeanPostProcessor

@Override
public PropertyValues postProcessProperties(@Nullable PropertyValues pvs, Object bean, String beanName) {
    // Inject the BeanFactory before AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor's
    // postProcessProperties method attempts to autowire other configuration beans.
    if (bean instanceof EnhancedConfiguration) {
        ((EnhancedConfiguration) bean).setBeanFactory(this.beanFactory);
    }
    return pvs;
}

这里是对 EnhancedConfiguration 提供支持. 其实他继承了 BeanFactoryAware 接口, 并且什么都没干

public interface EnhancedConfiguration extends BeanFactoryAware {}

EnhancedConfiguration 是 ConfigurationClassEnhancer 的一个内部接口, 是给 spring 自己内部使用的, 开发人员用不了这个, 也没必要

CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor

@Override
public PropertyValues postProcessProperties(PropertyValues pvs, Object bean, String beanName) {
    //找出类中标注了@Resource注解的属性和方法
    //else if (field.isAnnotationPresent(Resource.class))
    InjectionMetadata metadata = findResourceMetadata(beanName, bean.getClass(), pvs);
    try {
        metadata.inject(bean, beanName, pvs);
    }
    catch (Throwable ex) {
        throw new BeanCreationException(beanName, "Injection of resource dependencies failed", ex);
    }
    return pvs;
}

这里主要是对 @Resource 进行注入

findResourceMetadata在MergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessor#postProcessMergedBeanDefinition的时候执行过.

所以这里, 大概率是从缓存中拿取结果, 然后进行注入操作. 事实上, 也确实如此.

inject 最终会调用

org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.InjectedElement#inject 方法

protected void inject(Object target, @Nullable String requestingBeanName, @Nullable PropertyValues pvs)
        throws Throwable {

    if (this.isField) {
        Field field = (Field) this.member;
        ReflectionUtils.makeAccessible(field);
        field.set(target, getResourceToInject(target, requestingBeanName));
    }
    else {
        if (checkPropertySkipping(pvs)) {
            return;
        }
        try {
            Method method = (Method) this.member;
            ReflectionUtils.makeAccessible(method);
            method.invoke(target, getResourceToInject(target, requestingBeanName));
        }
        catch (InvocationTargetException ex) {
            throw ex.getTargetException();
        }
    }
}

这里分两种情况进行处理, 一种是 通过字段注入, 另一种是通过方法注入.

字段注入的方式是比较多见的. 

getResourceToInject() 方法是一个被重写了的方法:

org.springframework.context.annotation.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.ResourceElement#getResourceToInject

他是在一个内部类中被重写的方法.

@Override
protected Object getResourceToInject(Object target, @Nullable String requestingBeanName) {
    return (this.lazyLookup ? buildLazyResourceProxy(this, requestingBeanName) :
            getResource(this, requestingBeanName));
}

默认情况下, lazy = false, 所以会走 getResource() 方法

org.springframework.context.annotation.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor#getResource

protected Object getResource(LookupElement element, @Nullable String requestingBeanName)
        throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException {

    if (StringUtils.hasLength(element.mappedName)) {
        return this.jndiFactory.getBean(element.mappedName, element.lookupType);
    }
    if (this.alwaysUseJndiLookup) {
        return this.jndiFactory.getBean(element.name, element.lookupType);
    }
    if (this.resourceFactory == null) {
        throw new NoSuchBeanDefinitionException(element.lookupType,
                "No resource factory configured - specify the 'resourceFactory' property");
    }
    return autowireResource(this.resourceFactory, element, requestingBeanName);
}

根据设置的不同属性, 进不同的方法, 这里主要看 autowireResource , 因为一般情况是不需要去设置这些属性的

protected Object autowireResource(BeanFactory factory, LookupElement element, @Nullable String requestingBeanName)
        throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException {

    Object resource;
    Set<String> autowiredBeanNames;
    String name = element.name;

    if (factory instanceof AutowireCapableBeanFactory) {
        AutowireCapableBeanFactory beanFactory = (AutowireCapableBeanFactory) factory;
        DependencyDescriptor descriptor = element.getDependencyDescriptor();
        //优先使用 根据 name 注入, 这个 name 就是 beanName
        //当 beanName 找不到时, 才就会去根据 type 来注入
        //依据是 !factory.containsBean(name) 
        if (this.fallbackToDefaultTypeMatch && element.isDefaultName && !factory.containsBean(name)) {
            autowiredBeanNames = new LinkedHashSet<>();
            //根据type(类型)来进行依赖注入
            resource = beanFactory.resolveDependency(descriptor, requestingBeanName, autowiredBeanNames, null);
            if (resource == null) {
                //如果返回时 resource , 则表明, spring容器中找不到, 也创建不了 这个依赖的bean
                throw new NoSuchBeanDefinitionException(element.getLookupType(), "No resolvable resource object");
            }
        }
        else {
            //根据name(名称)来进行依赖注入
            resource = beanFactory.resolveBeanByName(name, descriptor);
            autowiredBeanNames = Collections.singleton(name);
        }
    }
    else {
        resource = factory.getBean(name, element.lookupType);
        autowiredBeanNames = Collections.singleton(name);
    }

    if (factory instanceof ConfigurableBeanFactory) {
        ConfigurableBeanFactory beanFactory = (ConfigurableBeanFactory) factory;
        for (String autowiredBeanName : autowiredBeanNames) {
            if (requestingBeanName != null && beanFactory.containsBean(autowiredBeanName)) {
                beanFactory.registerDependentBean(autowiredBeanName, requestingBeanName);
            }
        }
    }

    return resource;
}

都说, @Resource 在不设置 name 和 type 的情况下, 是优先使用 name 去 获取/创建 依赖的 bean , 如果name找不到, 才会使用 type.

这段代码, 就是支撑的依据.

AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor

@Override
public PropertyValues postProcessProperties(PropertyValues pvs, Object bean, String beanName) {
    InjectionMetadata metadata = findAutowiringMetadata(beanName, bean.getClass(), pvs);
    try {
        metadata.inject(bean, beanName, pvs);
    }
    catch (BeanCreationException ex) {
        throw ex;
    }
    catch (Throwable ex) {
        throw new BeanCreationException(beanName, "Injection of autowired dependencies failed", ex);
    }
    return pvs;
}

这里主要是对 @Autowired 和 @Value 进行注入的. findAutowiringMetadata

findAutowiringMetadata在MergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessor#postProcessMergedBeanDefinition的时候执行过.

所以此处, 是从缓存中拿取结果, 然后进行注入操作.

最终会调用本类中的方法:

org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.AutowiredFieldElement#inject

@Override
protected void inject(Object bean, @Nullable String beanName, @Nullable PropertyValues pvs) throws Throwable {
    Field field = (Field) this.member;
    Object value;
    if (this.cached) {
        value = resolvedCachedArgument(beanName, this.cachedFieldValue);
    }
    else {
        DependencyDescriptor desc = new DependencyDescriptor(field, this.required);
        desc.setContainingClass(bean.getClass());
        Set<String> autowiredBeanNames = new LinkedHashSet<>(1);
        Assert.state(beanFactory != null, "No BeanFactory available");
        TypeConverter typeConverter = beanFactory.getTypeConverter();
        try {
            //根据 type 进行依赖注入
            value = beanFactory.resolveDependency(desc, beanName, autowiredBeanNames, typeConverter);
        }
        catch (BeansException ex) {
            throw new UnsatisfiedDependencyException(null, beanName, new InjectionPoint(field), ex);
        }
        synchronized (this) {
            if (!this.cached) {
                if (value != null || this.required) {
                    this.cachedFieldValue = desc;
                    registerDependentBeans(beanName, autowiredBeanNames);
                    if (autowiredBeanNames.size() == 1) {
                        String autowiredBeanName = autowiredBeanNames.iterator().next();
                        if (beanFactory.containsBean(autowiredBeanName) &&
                                beanFactory.isTypeMatch(autowiredBeanName, field.getType())) {
                            this.cachedFieldValue = new ShortcutDependencyDescriptor(
                                    desc, autowiredBeanName, field.getType());
                        }
                    }
                }
                else {
                    this.cachedFieldValue = null;
                }
                this.cached = true;
            }
        }
    }
    if (value != null) {
        ReflectionUtils.makeAccessible(field);
        field.set(bean, value);
    }
}

这里有一个隐藏的后置处理器: SmartInstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor

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  • 发表于 2020-07-27 22:00
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